PDF: Virtual autopsy in forensic sciences and its applications in the forensic odontology

Although forensic sciences were improved by the introduction of new imaging techniques, during forensic autopsies the cause of death continues to be investigated based on traditional methods of dissecting, describing and documenting.

forensic-odontology


The "medico-legal autopsy" often referred to as "medico-legal necropsy" is considered the most important forensic expertise, and therefore it is even called "the expertise of expertises". 

According to the Dictionary of Legal Medicine proposed by Manif and Elias Zacharias, its execution includes the examination of the body, externally and internally, considering the thanatology as the main goal to diagnose. 

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The etymology of "autopsy" refers to the doctor examining a body, and the union of the terms "autos" and "psia" meaning "own" and "view" respectively.

The traditional internal autopsy procedure consists of body mutilating techniques. Due to the emotional aspects of the victim's relatives, their knowledge of these mutilation forms the major objection against autopsies.The arguments justifying the autopsy, namely the need to know the cause of death or the identity of an unknown deceased individual overrules this emotional involvement.



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