PDF: Relationship between TemporoMandibular Disorders and Orthodontic Treatment: a literature review

The problems associated with the diagnosis and management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have aroused interest to the orthodontist. 

The attention to signs and symptoms associated with TMD have modified the clinical management before and during orthodontic treatment.

According to the American Academy of Orofacial Pain, the term temporomandibular disorder refers to a set of clinical problems that involve the masticatory musculature, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and associated structures, or both, being identified as the leading cause of non-dental pain in the orofacial region and is considered a subclass of musculoskeletal disorders.

The signs and symptoms that indicate any abnormality of the TMJ are: Alteration of the mandibular movement, limitation of mouth opening, joint pain with mandibular function, constraint function, joint noises, asymptomatic radiographic changes of the TMJ and jaw locking with open mouth and closed mouth.