PDF: Cryosurgery as an Effective Alternative for Treatment of Oral Lesions in Children


Children can exhibit a wide variety of oral pathologies, such as Oral Lesions, bone lesions, tumors, cysts and cutaneous lesions. 



Different techniques have been described for the treatment of these lesions, but all of them are invasive.

This paper presents a series of cases that demonstrate the clinical efficacy of cryosurgery as an alternative to invasive surgical treatments of the most common oral lesions in children. 

This technique has been well tolerated by patients due to the absence of anesthesia, rapid healing and minimal bleeding. Cryotherapy has many applications in oral medicine and is an extremely useful alternative in patients to whom surgery is contraindicated due to age or medical history. It is a simple procedure to perform, minimally invasive, low-cost and very effective in pediatric dentistry clinic.

The mechanisms for cell destruction after cryosurgery are complex, involving a combination of direct and indirect effects. Direct effects consist of extracellular and intracellular formation of ice crystals that, in turn, disrupt cell membranes. Cellular dehydration, toxic intracellular electrolyte concentration, inhibition of enzymes, protein damage are thawing effects that cause the cell to vacuolate, swell and rupture, producing thermal shock injury to cells.

► More over Oral Lesions:

PDF: Swellings and red, white, and pigmented lesions
PDF: A guide to common oral lesions
* How to quantify the risk of suspicious lesions and oral abnormalities using SaliMark™ OSCC

► Books over Oral Lesions and Oral Diseases available on Amazon:

► Color Atlas of Oral Diseases: Diagnosis and Treatment
► Clinician's Guide: Diagnosis Oral Cancer & Potentially Malignant Oral Lesions