PDF: Unusual complications caused by lipoma of the tongue


Lipoma is the most common, benign, soft tissue, mesenchymal tumour and is composed of mature adipose tissue. It is infrequent in the oral cavity (approximately 0.3% of all tongue neoplasias). We describe the case of a 68-year-old man with a swelling at the tongue edge and tongue dysesthesia.



Medical history, clinical assessment, radiographic images, and cytological analysis enabled specialists to classify this neoplasia as a lipoma. The patient recovered fully after surgical excision of the affected area, and the neuralgic symptoms regressed. Surgical excision is an elective treatment; however, accurate differential diagnosis, histological examination, and follow-up are required.


Lipoma, a soft tissue lesion, is a benign tumour composed of mature adipose tissue. It is a common mesenchymal neoplasm that usually develops on the torso or proximal segmentsof the limbs.

Serena Cocca1, Massimo Viviano2, Stefano Parrini2
Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, ENT Clinic 
Department of Dentistry, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Serena Cocca
Department of ENT, General Hospital of Siena, University of Siena, Viale
Bracci, 14, Siena 53100, Italy
TEL: +39-3201525334 FAX: +39-0577585470
E-mail: mailarticoli@libero.it
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3485-9967