PDF: ORTHODONTIC BASICS for Lori Garland Parker

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. Many technical terms and names of biological structures are formed from Greek and Latin roots.


“Ortho” means straight and “odont” means tooth.

History of Orthodontics
Although the beginning of orthodontics can be traced back to the ancient Phoenicians and Egyptians, Dr. Edward Angle is considered "The Father of Modern Orthodontics" and was one of the first to emphasize occlusion in the natural dentition. 

His interest in creating proper occlusion in the late 1890's and early 1900's created the specialty of orthodontics.

Dr. Angle also designed the classifications of malocclusion of the teeth, based on the first molar as the key to occlusion, which is still commonly used today.


Normal Occlusion
In normal occlusion, the mesiobuccal cusp of the maxillary first molar occludes with the buccal groove of the mandibular first molar...

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