PDF: Deep Bite Its Etiology, Diagnosis and Management: A Review

Deep bite is one of the most common malocclusion seen in children as well as adults and is most difficult to treat successfully.

Unfavorable sequel of this malocclusion predisposes a patient to periodontal involvement, functional problems, and temporomandibular joint disturbance.

Deep bite anteriorly could be caused by supraeruption of upper and/or lower incisors or infraeruption of posterior teeth.

Methods of deep bite correction are extrusion of posterior teeth, intrusion of anterior teeth, combination of both, proclination of incisors and orthognathic surgical modality.

This article will describe various appliances, their indication and contraindication and also with the biomechanics involved.

Bishara defined Deepbite as Malocclusion in which the mandibular incisor crowns are excessively overlapped vertically by the maxillary incisors when the teeth are in centric occlusion.

Unfavorable sequel of this malocclusion predisposes a patient to periodontal involvement, abnormal function, improper mastication, excessive stresses, trauma, functional problems, bruxism, clenching and temporomandibular joint disturbance make geriatric dental service a losing battle unless overbite can be controlled.

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